The Legend of the Bonneville

    With Silhouette acknowledged as a design classic, the Triumph Bonneville is an undisputed motorcycle icon. For many it represents the essence of what a motorcycle should be, and is loved by riders of all ages and types around the world. Synonymous with British motorcycling the Bonneville has become a byword for style and character. It is, genuinely, a great British icon.

    Today's new generation stands as the perfect blend of that original character, British heritage, design and style, backed by truly modern capability and performance. 

    The Legend Begins

    On a bright September morning in 1956, Texan racer Johnny Allen, multiple land speed record-breaking racer, arrived at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, USA, and lowered his slender frame into the cockpit of a streamlined, two-wheeled missile - The Texas Cee-Gar.

    A union of American and British technology, with the star of Texas on it nose and Triumph name on its side, this aerodynamic land speed bullet was inspired by the fuel 'drop tanks' of a Mustang fighter plane. With power supplied by a methanol-burning 650cc Triumph Thunderbird parallel twin, as ridden by Brando in the Wild One, the cigar-shaped Triumph tore across the salt flats at an average of 214.7mph.

    Setting an outright world land speed record that Triumph would go on to hold 14 years - thanks to efforts the Dudek Streamliner in 62 and Gyronaut X1 in 66. Igniting controversy over the time recording used and authenticity of the claim and establishing Triumph THE brand to choose.

    Meanwhile in Britain, at the Triumph Factory in Meriden, a new sporting flag ship was in development - a direct evolution of a succession of high performance Triumph legends; from 1937 Speed Twin through the seasonal 1949 6T Thunderbird and the raucous Tiger T110 'Ton Ten' of 1953.

    The new bike like its predecessor, was to be a 650cc parallel twin. Built to answer the American market demand for more power, more performance and more speed, it targeted 120mph plus from new twin carb set-up.

    The name for this new machine model was obvious. And so, in 1958, the first Triumph Bonneville was Born.

    The Bonneville T120 was showcased at Earls Court Bike Show in 1958, and the first production machines were made available for sale to the general public the following year billed as offering "the highest performance from a standard production motorcycle".

    Following a tweak to the design in 1960, it was a massive hit in both the UK and America, the T120 was essentially a high performance, twin carburettor version of Triumphs T110 Tiger model. Thanks to its racing success, it spawned the Bonneville Thruxton that, in turn, inspired a generation of cafe racer machines.

    The combination of extra performance with a fine-handling, lightweight chassis and beautiful design proved a winning format - which propelled the Bonneville on to become one of the most desirable and successful motorcycles of the time.

    Racing Legends

    With the new classic-leading Bonneville selected as the 'weapon of choice' for speed hungry racers, on race circuits and in the dirt, the road going 'Bonnie' became the basis of racing development for many of the sporting motorcycle categories of today - from the scramblers to the flat trackers to fairing-clad, full-on factory production racers.

    Throughout the late 1950s, the 1960s and into the 1970s, the power of the Bonneville's design was showcased by an outstanding number of world-beating victories in almost all of the classes of motorcycle competition. Including:

    Thruxton 500-mile race Series
    Where the racing Bonneville gained its Legendary name, winning multiple series races.

    Isle of Man TT
    John Hartle 1967
    Malcom Uphill 1969, who also broke the first 100mph lap on his Thruxton.

    The IDST (International Six Day Trial)
    Riding a powerful Bonneville Scrambler, Ken Heanes won gold in 63 and 64 and a Silver in 65.

    AMA national half-mile dirt track races
    With wins at Ascot by Gene Romero in 70 and Tom Rockwood in 1971.

    AMA National hill climb
    Joe Hemmis 1964 and 67

    AMA National TT
    Ascot - Dave Palmer in 64, Eddie Mulder in 66 and Skip Van Leewen in 67.
    Castle Rock - Dave Palmer in 65, Eddie Mulder in 66 and Skip Van Leewen in 68.
    Peeora - Eddie Mulder in 1966

    The making of an icon

    Much more than a racer though, during the halcyon days of motorcycling in the 1950s and 60s, the Triumph Bonneville established itself as the iconic bike of the era – a status that it retains to this day. 

    Motorcycling was at the height of its popularity, and the Bonneville achieved global cult status, with many a charismatic screen legend looking to be associated with this evocative machine, both on and off screen. 

    These included Steve McQueen, James Dean, Bob Dylan and Clint Eastwood amongst other cultural icons.

    In December 1967, legendary American daredevil Evel Knievel chose the Triumph Bonneville for his first major televised motorcycle stunt - the ill-fated attempt to jump the Caesar’s Palace fountain in Las Vegas.

    For many, 1968 was the finest hour for the Bonneville, with a series of progressive developments culminating in a model right at the peak of its evolution.  The most significant of the changes was to the engine, which had notable carburetion, a smooth power delivery and great tractability at low speeds. 

    The 1968 edition is also considered a design highlight for the Bonneville; the tank badge was changed to a simpler ‘picture-frame’ design, and the rear shocks became mere exposed springs, which most young riders wanted.  Even the colour scheme adopted was a fashionable Olympic Flame and White - lined in silver. 


    Rock 'n' Roll years

    In the UK in the 1960s, the Triumph Bonneville became closely associated with Rock 'n' Roll culture - with versions of the Bonneville being adopted by British Rockers as the ultimate cafe racer motorcycle.

    London's Rockers community found a home at the famous transport cafe, the Ace Cafe, which became the heart of motorcycling and Rock 'n' Roll culture - and the Bonneville, or modified versions of it, would always be seen outside.

    The Bonneville T120 TT

    Arguably the most collectable of the 1960's Bonneville line-up was the TT, a US market-only off-roader designed for desert, dirt and flat track racing. Light and fast, with race cams and higher compression, the 1966 TT and 1967 TT are considered the best looking, rarest and most desirable Bonnies around.

    A Right Royal Occasion

    The Bonneville continued to make its mark in the 1970s and 80s, when special, limited edition bikes were launched to mark significant Royal occasions. In 1977, the T140J celebrated the Queen's Silver Jubilee; and in 1981 the T140LE Royal Wedding Bonneville marked the marriage of Prince Charles to Diana, with 250 being produced.

    The Bonneville in the 21st Century

    The ’70s’ were a troubled time at Triumph, with discontent among the workforce following a government-sponsored merger with Norton Villiers.

    In 1973, amid rumours that it was to be closed, workers took over the Meriden factory and a strike ensued. Virtually no bikes were produced over the following year and, in 1975, the workers formed the Meriden Motorcycle Co-operative.

    Production resumed, and Bonneville T140s continued to be built into the early 1980s and were the last bikes to be built by Triumph before the Meriden factory closed in 1983. Even then, the ‘Bonnie’ refused to die. Small numbers were built under licence by LF Harris of Newton Abbot, Devon, between 1985 and 88.

    Launching 6 new models in 1990 at the Cologne motorcycle show, built in a state of the art factory in Hinckley Leicestershire, the modern era of Hinckley Triumph was born.

    The Bonneville looked as if it had been consigned to history, until in 2000 a new and authentically-styled model was unveiled. Blending original styling with contemporary manufacturing techniques and materials, the first ‘new’ Bonneville was produced with a 790cc parallel-twin motor.  A centenary model followed the next year – the Bonneville T100 Centennial Edition - marking 100 years of the Triumph brand.

    The early years of this century have seen the continued evolution of the Bonneville, including an increase in capacity to 865cc and the introduction of fuel injection (cleverly concealed to retain authentic Bonneville styling).

    Bonneville Today

    In the modern era, the Bonneville has again become the motorcycle in demand among celebrities, famous bikers and TV; from Tom Cruise to Gerard Butler – and the brand to be seen on in movies and TV; from Hollywood blockbusters like Jurassic World and London has Fallen to TV icons like Dr Who and Luther.

    With the growing interest in modem classic motorcycles, a whole new generation of riders is choosing Bonneville – not only for that iconic Triumph heritage and unparalleled character, but also for its sheer beauty, accessible riding characteristics and ease of personalisation, driven in part by the growth of new wave custom scene, where the Bonneville has become one of the key bikes of choice for professional customisers and garage builders alike.

    Today, with the launch of the next generation of Bonnevilles, all with more capability, more beauty and performance, Triumph are committed to maintaining the original spirit of the iconic Bonneville and its place as THE modern classic in the motorcycling world.

    Bonneville. Reborn.

    British icons. Global Legends.

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